Literary and Cultural Theory 1. What Is Literary Theory? Literary theory refers to any principles derived from internal analysis of literary texts or from knowledge external to the text that can be applied in multiple interpretive situations.
At Fault A late arriver to the scene, Chopin was at first, as her A literary analysis of the awakening show, uncertain even of her locale. Place-du-Bois, the plantation, represents conservative, traditional values that are challenged by new, emergent ones.
David Hosmer, from St. Louis, obtains lumber rights on Place-du-Bois, and with him comes conflict. At Fault deals with divorce, but beyond that, it addresses the contradictions of nature and convention.
Place-du-Bois seems at times idyllic, but it is shadowed by the cruelties of its slaveholding past, abuses created by too rigidly held assumptions. A problem novel, At Fault looks skeptically at nature but also at received convention. Intelligent and thought out, it raises a question that will appear again in The Awakening: Are individuals responsible to others or to themselves?
If At Fault suggests the symmetrical social novels of William Dean Howells, Bayou Folk gives the impression of southern folk writing brought to a high degree of perfection. The dominant theme in this collection is the universality of illusion, while the stories in A Night in Acadie prepare for The Awakening, in which a married woman, her selfassertion stifled in a conventional marriage, is awakened to the sensuous and erotic life.
The boldness of her possession of theme in The Awakening is wholly remarkable. Her earliest effort in the novel, At Fault, asked if individuals were responsible to others or to themselves, a question that is raised again in The Awakening. At Fault, however, deals with its characters conventionally, on the surface only, while in The Awakening Chopin captures the deep, inner life of Edna Pontellier and projects it powerfully upon a world of convention.
Sixty years after The Awakening, but Chopin's social analysis still hits its mark. The remarkable magic of literary fiction is that every reading of a novel creates a unique event, for. II. A. Psychological Approach: Literary Analysis by S.K. Edna Pontellier, the main character in the book The Awakening by Kate Chopin reflects the human psyche in three different aspects. The human psyche is composed of three elements: Ego, Id, and Superego. In Kate Chopin's The Awakening, the ways in which the protagonist, Edna Pontellier, articulates her feelings about her social position indicate that access to discourse is an important issue to consider in determining the causes of Edna's conflict.
In At Fault, Chopin drew upon her familiarity with two regions, St. Louis and the plantation country north of New Orleans. The hero, David Hosmer, comes to Louisiana from St. Louis, like Chopin herself, and at least one segment of the novel is set in St.
Apart from its two settings, At Fault does not seem autobiographical. It has the form of a problem novel, reminiscent of the novels of Howells, to whom Chopin sent a copy of the work when it was published.
In this case it is the conflict between nature and convention, religious and social precept versus the data of actual experience. When she learns that David Hosmer, who owns a sawmill on her property, is divorced from his young wife, a weak and susceptible woman who drinks, she admonishes him to return to her and fulfill his marriage pledge to stand by and redeem her.
Louis and remarries Fanny Larimore. They then return to the plantation to live, and in due course history repeats itself. When he becomes involved in a marginal homicide, she condemns him utterly, literally abandoning him. He then returns to Texas, where he goes from bad to worse and is eventually killed in a lawless town.
At Fault shows a questioning intelligence and has an architectural competence, but it is still apprenticeship work. Louis setting, especially in comparison to her southern one, is pallid, and the characters encountered there are lifeless.
Lorenzo Belle Worthington, who has dyed blond hair, and Mrs. Although given a stronger individuality, the more important characters also tend to be typed. The plot of At Fault is perhaps too symmetrical, too predictable in its outcome, with the irredeemability of Fanny Larimore a foregone conclusion.
At Fault is essentially a realistic novel but resorts at times to romantic or melodramatic conventions. Edna Pontellier, its heroine, is always at the center of the novel, and nothing occurs that does not in some way bear upon her thoughts or developing sense of her situation.
At the same time, The Awakening seems to have been influenced by Madame Bovary. Certain parallels can be noticed in the experience of the two heroines—their repudiation of their husbands, estrangement, and eventual suicides.
From these diverse influences, Chopin has shaped a work that is strikingly, even startlingly, her own. The opening of the third section of The Awakening, the chapter set at Grand Isle, is particularly impressive. Here one meets Edna Pontellier, the young wife of a wellto- do Creole negociant and mother of two small boys.
She walks on the beach under a white parasol with handsome young Robert Lebrun, who befriends married Creole women in a way that is harmless, since his attentions are regarded as a social pleasantry, nothing more.
In the background are two young lovers, and not far behind them, keeping pace, a mysterious woman dressed in black who tells her beads. Edna Pontellier and Robert Lebrun have just returned from a midday swim in the ocean, an act undertaken on impulse and perhaps not entirely prudent, in view of the extreme heat of that hour and the scorching glare of the sun.
When she returns to their house, she does not go inside to join her husband but drowses alone in a porch hammock, lost in a long moonlit reverie that has the voluptuous effulgence of the sea.
As the novel proceeds, it becomes clear that Edna has begun to fall in love with Lebrun, who decides suddenly to go to Mexico, following which the Pontelliers themselves return to their well-appointed home in New Orleans. There Edna begins to behave erratically, defying her husband and leading as much as possible an independent existence.Literary Analysis The major themes of this poem are love and happiness.
However, these major themes are intertwined with several other minor themes such as . Historical Context in The Awakening. Become a Reader Member to unlock in-line analysis of character development, literary devices, themes, and more!
Owl Eyes is an improved reading and annotating experience for classrooms, book clubs, and literature lovers. Find full texts with expert analysis in our extensive library. It is the literary depiction of life how it is lived.
Realist works digress from the plot by indulging into the depths of its characters in order to capture the essence of real life in real time. Realist writers attack social mores and traditions. Check the Literature archives for other article and essays on or related to “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin including: The Awakening by Kate Chopin: Analysis of the Process of Edna’s Awakening • Character Analysis of Edna in “The Awakening” and Discussion About Conflict & Climax • Death as a Metaphor in “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin • The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin.
Lattin, Patricia Hopkins. “Childbirth and Motherhood in The Awakening and in “Athenaise.” Approaches to Teaching Chopin’s The Awakening. Ed.
Bernard Koloski. New York: Modern Language Association of America, Papke, Mary E. Verging On The Abyss: The Social Fiction of Kate Chopin and Edith Wharton. New York: Greenwood Press, The Awakening Analysis Literary Devices in The Awakening. Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory.
Several types of birds appear repeatedly in The Awakening. We’ll break it down for initiativeblog.com parrot and the mockingbirdAt the start of the book, the parrot shrieks and swears at Mr.