A look at genetic engineering today

From Corgis to Corn: To date, scientists have engineered bacteria that produce medication-grade drugs, crops with built-in pesticides, and beagles that glow in the dark.

A look at genetic engineering today

Poetry How a video game warned us about the dangers of artificial intelligence and genetic engineering More than just a game: Presidential election, a Japanese video game developer predicted society's issues of truth and reality.

In what would become the first postmodern video game, Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty warns the player about the dark side of science and technology through stealth in an action-packed journey. In today's discussion of ethical issues surrounding gene editing techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 as well as the growing power of artificial intelligencethe message holds true to today.

Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty for the Playstation 2 continues to be among the best messages about the dangers of our Information Age.

Video games as media, though not frequently seen as forms of art, can be analyzed to understand ourselves in simulated universes. Much the same way a work of fiction such as Mark Twain's "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" can teach us higher truths about society through devices such as irony and satire, video games do so but give the player a goal to achieve.

Playing Pac-Man to eat pellets and run away from ghosts is a simple goal. But, for the philosophically conscious Sons of Liberty, the player must uncover a conspiracy about "The Patriots", a group who manipulated information to control all three branches of the American government.

Later in the game, though, the Patriots become encoded onto data itself. They are then manufactured into a form of artificial intelligence that control information to, therefore, control human behavior. The way genetic information is replaced by ideas of digital information sheds light on current concerns surrounding artificial intelligence and genetic engineering hand in hand.

As the player progresses through the game, similarly, finding the truths about these stories and uncovering the secrets presents the player with the control and power to make the right decisions.

This sets the stage for post-modern elements of truth and reality to come into question. The game's other post-modern elements, such as breaking the fourth wall by deceiving the player into thinking they've lost and introducing anachronistic characters like vampires set the stage of distrust and avant-garde as well.

However, the central themes hint at the importance of anyone in society to understand the ethical concerns from philosophy to science itself of this dual genetic-digital antagonist of the Patriots.

To introduce the premise of the game, I first look at the end. At the end, however, it's revealed that this entire purpose was part of a simulation to test human behavior in a society of manipulated information.

In his gritty, serious, yet determined voice, Solid Snake declares: Life isn't just about passing on your genes.

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We can leave behind much more than just DNA. Through speech, music, literature and movies That's what I live for. We need to pass the torch, and let our children read our messy and sad history by its light.

We have all the magic of the digital age to do that with. The human race will probably come to an end some time, and new species may rule over this planet.

Earth may not be forever, but we still have the responsibility to leave what traces of life we can. Building the future and keeping the past alive are one and the same thing. Though we face a grim, dismal future, with dire fears of climate change, nuclear war, and terrorism, we look at society for all its flaws.

If we don't live forever, then it makes no difference for us to build a better future. We keep the past alive, as Snake emphasizes, through history and philosophy. It's important to realize this history preserves the immortality, even if life and humans themselves are ephemeral. To exemplify the trial man must uncover, the player continuously discovers true allegiances, backgrounds, and motives of characters, such as Solid Snake himself.

Genetic engineering - Wikipedia

In crafting a narrative about the power of technology, there are two tragedies that illustrate different flaws of the human condition. The first is the President George Sears a genetically modified clone becoming a terrorist, the game's primary antagonist.

This tragic fall is similar to the Roman Emperor Nero's road to tyranny though the truth of that is questioned. The fall happens as the Patriots who control all branches of the government, as well as businesses and hospitals attempt to murder Sears, who wants to fight for the freedom of information, to preserve their power.What is Genetic Engineering?

Genetic engineering refers to the set of technologies that directly manipulate on an organism’s genes, change the genetic make up of cells and add one or more new traits that are not found in that organism. Jan 17,  · Perhaps with genetic engineering and selective screening you could rebreed back to white - but you sure arent a WN when you go a-mixing!

The ironic thing is that once I frequently run into Asians and Blacks who dye their hair, undergo surgery to look . A Look Into the Restorative Power of Genetic Engineering.

all the sweet potato varieties on the market today were genetically engineered by this bacterium around 8, years ago. A Look Back at East Coast Coffee Madness in Bustling Montreal. November 7, Understanding GMOs: Genetic Engineering and the Future of Coffee.

Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) Today, his farm yields only about kilograms of green coffee per hectare.

A look at genetic engineering today

Currently, genetic engineering is only applied to non-reproductive cells (this is known as 'gene therapy') in order to treat diseases in a single patient, rather than in all their descendants.

Gene therapy is still very unsuccessful, and we are often told that the prospect of reproductive genetic engineering is remote. The Case for Radically Enhancing Humanity Genetically engineering a smarter population to fend off existential catastrophe isn’t the worst idea, but it has some caveats.

From Corgis to Corn: A Brief Look at the Long History of GMO Technology - Science in the News