This might be one of the most controversial debates I am starting on Stable Investor. But I had to write about it someday.
Political borders[ edit ] Political borders are imposed on the world through human agency. Political borders are often classified by whether or not they follow conspicuous physical features on the earth.
Natural borders[ edit ] A photograph of the France—Italy border at night. The southwestern end of the Alps separates the two countries.
Natural borders are geographical features that present natural obstacles to communication and transport. Existing political borders are often a formalization of such historical, natural obstacles. Some geographical features that often constitute natural borders are: Very few countries span more than one continent.
Only very large and resource-rich states are able to sustain the costs of governance across oceans for longer periods of time. If a precise line is desired, it is often drawn along the thalwegthe deepest line along the river.
In the Hebrew BibleMoses defined the middle of the river Arnon as the border between Moab and the Israelite tribes settling east of the Jordan Deuteronomy 3: One example is the natural border created by Lake Tanganyikawith the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia on its west shore and Tanzania and Burundi on the east.
One example of a natural forest border is the Amazon rainforestseparating Brazil and Bolivia from Peru, Colombia, Venezuela and Guyana.
Many nations in Europe and Asia have had their political borders defined along mountain ranges, often along a drainage divide. Throughout history, technological advances have reduced the costs of transport and communication across the natural borders.
That has reduced the significance of natural borders over time. As a result, political borders that have been formalized more recently, such as those in Africa or Americas, typically conform less to natural borders[ citation needed ] than very old borders, such as those in Europe or Asia, do.
Such political boundaries are often found around the states that developed out of colonial holdings, such as in North America, Africa and the Middle East.
Fiat boundaries are typically the product of human demarcation, such as in demarcating electoral districts or postal districts. However, the former presence of the boundary can still be seen in the landscape.
For instance, the boundary between East and West Germany is no longer an international boundary, but it can still be seen because of historical markers on the landscape, and it is still a cultural and economic division in Germany.
Lines of Control[ edit ] A line of control LoC refers to a militarized buffer border between two or more nations that is yet to be resolved or implemented for permanent border status. LoC borders are under military control and are not recognized as an official international border.
Formally known as a cease-fire line an LoC was first created as a way to buffer war borders during the Simla Agreement. A maritime border is a division enclosing an area in the ocean where a nation has exclusive rights over the mineral and biological resources,  encompassing maritime features, limits and zones.
Maritime borders exist in the context of territorial waterscontiguous zonesand exclusive economic zones ; however, the terminology does not encompass lake or river boundaries, which are considered within the context of land boundaries.
Some maritime borders have remained indeterminate despite efforts to clarify them. This is explained by an array of factors, some of which illustrate regional problems. All sovereign countries hold the right to regulate and protect air space under the international law of Air sovereignty. Airspace extends 12 nautical miles from the coast of a country and it holds responsibility for protecting its own airspace unless under NATO peacetime protection.
The vertical boundaries of airspace are not officially set or regulated internationally. Types of International Borders[ edit ] Open Borders[ edit ] An open border is the deregulation and or lack of regulation on the movement of persons between nations and jurisdictions, this does not apply to trade or movement between privately owned land areas.
However, only a handful of nations have deregulated open borders with other nations, an example of this being all European Union members under the Schengen Agreement. However post WW1 lead to the regulation of open borders, making them less common and no longer feasible for most industrialized nations.
Most Industrialized nations have regulations on entry and require one or more of the following procedures: Overall border regulations are placed by national and local governments and can vary depending on nation and current political or economic conditions.
Some of the most regulated borders in the world include: Demilitarized zones[ edit ] A Demilitarized zone DMZ is a border separating two or more nations, groups or militaries that have agreed to prohibit the use of military activity or force within the borders bounds.
A DMZ can act as a war boundary, cease fire line, wildlife preserveor in some cases as a de facto international border. An example of a demilitarized international border is the 38th parallel between North and South Korea.
San Diego — Tijuana. A border wall on a beach separating United States - Mexico The presence of borders often fosters certain economic features or anomalies. Wherever two jurisdictions come into contact, special economic opportunities arise for border trade.
Smuggling provides a classic case; contrariwise, a border region may flourish on the provision of excise or of import — export services — legal or quasi-legal, corrupt or legitimate.SEZs in India - A study 1.
BITHIKAA BISHESH RESEARCH SCHOLAR, SHARDA UNIVERSITY, GREATER NOIDA & SUPERVISOR: DR. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR SHARDA UNIVERSITY, GREATER NOIDA Analysis of Economic growth from Special Economic Zones.
Impact of Special Economic Zone in India DR. JAYARAM BUDHO MORE, Associate Professor & Head, comparative study and analytical logic developed through the understandings from various transports facilities etc.
so these SEZs are attraction to domestic and foreign investors.
In context of India, many studies have explored methods for quantifying the effectivness of the Indian industries with the changes that have been seen over the past many years by studying the various issues like impact of New Economic Policy (NEP), the efficiency of Indian industries in the pre -reform period and the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) .
potential benefits of SEZs but also the likely impact of establishment of SEZs on agricultural production, employment, water and food security. This paper is an attempt to expose the emerging trends of SEZs through the comparative study of State.
So lets go ahead In words of Ajay, a home is a place to live and it should not be linked to one’s investment initiativeblog.com should not be any second thought given about buying your 1st property for self-occupancy whether with or without tax benefits.