The Epic tells about the king of Uruk Gilgamesh, his friend Enkidu, and searching of the immortality secret. One of the chapters is about the history of Utnapishtim, who saved the humanity during the world flood.
A century ago, your objector would have been in good scholarly company albeit questionable political company They naively argued for the great superiority of Hebrew monotheism.
But the Assyriologists fought back and defended the ethical and spiritual system of Babylonia, and even its ethical superiority. Delitzsch argued against the high-handed manner with which his subject was viewed by Old Testament scholars. Some argued that many Hebrew ideas actually originated in Mesopotamia and were borrowed by Israel.
Much of this is understandable, if one realizes that before this, Assyriology had been seen as less than an auxiliary science of Old Testament and classical antiquity studies see Zimmern The idea of Babylonian primacy was perfected by Delitzsch in In his lectures, he argued that Israel could only be studied in light of Babylonia, and in fact Israelite civilization was derived from Babylonia.
Thus, comparative analysis was ultimately not productive, since Babylonia was the source of Hebrew civilization. He then argued that many Babylonian features were still clung to by the Judeo-Christian religious tradition by way of the Old Testament.
Delitzsch made public the views of many Assyriologists, who now espoused to a school of thought called 'Pan-Babylonianism', championed by H.
Winckler, who argued that all world myths were reflections of Babylonian astral religion which had developed about BCE. Zimmern argued that the Babylonian creation epic was an older version of the New Testament and that the story of Christ's passion was nothing but a repetition of the 'myth of Bel-Marduk of Babylon'.
Jensen argued that the Mesopotamian myths Gilgamesh in particular were the foundation for all world folk tales, including the Bible Jensen ; ; Israelite history was simply a series of repetitions of the Gilgamesh story.
Even the story of Jesus of Nazareth was simply a retelling of Gilgamesh. In fact, the Kaiser himself jumped on the 'Babel bandwagon' and argued that Jesus was a non-Jew who actually opposed the message of the Old Testament. Other German scholars at the turn of the century argued for all cosmology and other items coming from Babylon.
Delitzsch himself continued to hold to his views Delitzsch ; The Pan-Babylonians, however, were considered indiscriminate in their hypotheses, and most of their extreme ideas were rejected by both biblical and Assyriological scholars.
MAB, 32, 43] So, by mid-century even those who saw 'borrowing' toned the rhetoric down to 'parallels', 'echoes', and softer terms. So, Kramer, who would still probably hold to some level of borrowing or at least, real influencewill state in the preface to Enki and Ninhursag in ANET the possibility, in very cautious terms emphasis mine: The first generation saw a flurry of activity to show numerous parallels with Ugarit and the Bible, both real and imagined By the 's new developments arose.
New mythical and liturgical texts from Ugarit were discovered that initially raised excitement among comparative scholars. However, some argued that the connections beween the two were ambiguous at best, and problematic. MAB, 38] So, bythe borrowing claims were 'softened' considerably, and a pattern of interaction between biblical scholars developed: Often, unverified statements were made by conservative Old Testament scholars [tn:"From the Epic of Gilgamesh", as translated by N.K.
Sandars, and "Noah and the Flood" from the Book of Genesis, both Gilgamesh and Noah face similar circumstances, but . One of the best and most important pieces of epic poetry from human history, predating even Homer's Iliad by roughly 1, years, the Gilgamesh epic tells of the various adventures of that hero-king, including his quest for immortality, and an account of a great flood similar in many details to the Old Testament's story of Noah.
The Book of Genesis vs. the Epic of Gilgamesh Essay; The Book of Genesis vs. the Epic of Gilgamesh Essay. Words Oct 5th, 5 Pages. One major, noticeable similarity is that in both stories, there are flood legends.
There is the legend of Noah and the Ark in The Book of Genesis and the story of Utnapishtim in The Epic of Gilgamesh. In this study I make a comparative analysis of the flood story in Genesis and other floodstories from the ancient Near East, espevially the story in the Epic of Gilgamesh.
The result is somewhat surprising.
The text in Genesis doesnt support the theory that says that the Biblical Floodstory is an edited version of other sumerian floodstories. The question of when Genesis was written is not a new one.
It has been a focus of modern biblical scholarship since the eighteenth century. Unfortunately, this scholarly development is often looked on as largely negative, as if it is simply unsettling the undisturbed consensus of thousands of years of Jewish and Christian opinion.
Aug 17, · The tables with the Epic were found in the king Ashurbanapal’s library. The Epic tells about the king of Uruk Gilgamesh, his friend Enkidu, and searching of the immortality secret.
One of the chapters is about the history of Utnapishtim, who saved the humanity during the world flood.