How to write a fugue answers

A simple step guide to writing an amazing fugue 7 February

How to write a fugue answers

Thus, one can emulate fugue composition by following a few basic procedures, and then using the fugues of Bach as supreme if somewhat intimidating!

Here is a straightfoward process for composing a fugue. To begin, we will write and you will write a three voice fugue with two repeating countersubjects.

This fugue was created today for this page, by way of example.

A simple fugue has only one subject, and does not utilize invertible counterpoint. Similarly, a triple fugue has three subjects.
It not only has scores, but books on music and music theory in PDF form.
A fugue begins with an exposition. After the exposition the composer alternates between episodes and subject presentations.
Visit the Fugues of the Well-Tempered Clavier Flash or Shockwavewhere all of the techniques discussed on this page are illustrated in interactive hypermedia. At its simplest, a fugue might consist of one exposition followed by optional development.
If not, Google Translate doesn't cack up French to English translations too badly.

Of course, you must create a subject. For a beginning fugue, it is best to keep it simple, and it is extremely helpful if you have a harmonic scheme in mind first before you create the subject.

At very least, while you are creating the subject, you must hear a harmony in your imagination so that you are simulataneously creating a harmonic progression while creating the single-line melody. This is surely what Bach did; he would have instantly understood the harmonic implication of whatever subject he presented.


Here is a simple subject in G minor, expressing an unequivocal motion from tonic to dominant i to V in the first measure, and from dominant to tonic in the second measure.

Your first fugue exposition assignment will ask you to write a subject according this precise harmonic sequence. Next, we create a countersubject that helps define the harmony.

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We follow the traditional rules of counterpoint, which is to have primarily imperfect intervals on strong beats and to create contrary motion and contrasting rhythm between the two voices.

Notice here that I choose an open fifth at the beginning of the fourth measure. This is in anticipation of a second countersubject, soon to be introduced, which will fill in the missing third. Since the C was clearly stated on the previous two beats, the C is kept in the ear even when the fifth becomes open.

The fourth stage is to leave a few blank measures on your working copy, which will shortly contain a modulatory passage. By skipping this modulation, you can go right on to create the final entrance of the subject, bringing in the countersubject transposed to the tonic, and introducing a second countersubject.

Here is the original subject, entering now in the bass voice, with the countersubject transposed up a fourth to the tonic, then up an octave to appear, quite brightly, in the soprano voice: Note that this is the essence of what is known as invertible counterpoint.

How do you write a fugue? | Yahoo Answers

At the opening, the subject is on top and the countersubject is below. Here, the subject is down in the bass register while the countersubject is quite high in the soprano voice. And yet the two lines of counterpoint still complement each other in proper harmonic relationship, even though the two lines have been both transposed and inverted in relationship to each other.

Now we can create the second countersubject, which will first appear in the alto and will help to fill in that "missing harmony" in the second [email protected] Shunpike, the Gedalge book is almost in point form. He deals with a deliberately limited form of fugue (scholastic fugue) just so that the novice can get a handle on effective techniques.

For instance, he forbids subjects that modulate to other keys than the tonic or dominant so that the beginner can get a handle on dealing with tonal . Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have Meta Discuss the workings and policies of this site About Us Learn How to Write A Fugue.

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up vote 4 down vote favorite. 1. Apr 30,  · A fugue has an exposition and a development. In the exposition each voice enters sequentially with the fugue theme.

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how to write a fugue answers

Exposition: Portion(s) of the fugue consisting of subject(s) with at least one answer, and possibly countersubject(s). To qualify as an exposition, the subject (or answer) must appear in all voices and answers must be in the proper relationship (tonal or real) .

No such fugue comes to my mind, if it has to be an organ fugue.

how to write a fugue answers

As far as I can remember, most organ fugues by J.S. Bach have 4 voices, some having 5 (BWV in E flat; BWV “dorian” in d minor). If there is a dedicated pedal part, then it means one further voice per hand.

How many fugues did bach write and why

The last movements. If he did write it, it is very different from e very other fugal that Bach wrote. He probably made it quickly because if Bach did write this, it was as a practice or test piece.

A simple step guide to writing an amazing fugue - Classic FM