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How are fisheries regulated? A critical component of that equation is sound fisheries governance, especially in terms of achieving long-term sustainable management of living marine resources, a precondition for maintaining their social and economic value Box 5.
Intrinsically linked to this goal is the need to ensure greater responsibility and accountability by all individuals and private companies involved in the harvesting, processing and marketing of fish.
More broadly, and also taking account of the potential for endemic corruption in resource-based industries 24, sustainable management outcomes including poverty reduction and alleviation, improved food security, stronger economic development and growth, and greater access to public services depend to a large extent on concurrent improvements in public governance.
Fisheries management poses challenges for all countries, especially those that are capacity poor. In some countries, improvements in resource management are proceeding hand-in-hand with public sector reform and measures to promote better governance. These outcomes are increasingly being incentive-linked to the provision of development assistance.
However, despite positive developments, there has been only limited progress in the implementation of management measures in most of the world. In this respect, a key fisheries management issue is the lack of progress in reducing fishing capacity25 and related harmful subsidies, a fundamental consideration if the state of world fisheries is to be improved.
The session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries the Committee referred to the lack of progress in this area, and to the need to match fishing capacity with sustainable harvesting levels.
These issues and the nexus between them need to be addressed in tandem. They are also being deliberated on in other regional and global fora. Each of these issues has social, economic and political dimensions, and the implementation of measures to tackle them effectively requires adequately trained human resources, well-structured and resilient institutions, and financial support.
A sharp focus on capacity building for fisheries management is a priority for both developing and developed countries. In a globalizing fisheries world, there is increasing interdependence between developing and developed states. This is because the instruments face a reasonable probability of floundering if they are not embraced widely by countries and if there is not a degree of implementation equivalency among parties to agreements.
Principally for these reasons, most of the instruments concluded since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development contain capacity-building provisions. In these cases, capacity-poor countries become the weak links in the implementation process. For example, the adoption of harmonized and minimum standards for monitoring, control and surveillance MCS and regional port state measures envisages that they be implemented by countries in unison and with a similar degree of vigour.
A failure to achieve coordinated implementation creates implementation loopholes, thereby undermining regional cooperation and outcomes.
Economically, healthy fisheries are fundamental to achieving not only the restoration of fish stocks but other accepted objectives for the fisheries sector, such as improved livelihoods, exports, fish food security and economic growth.
More fish stocks are overexploited, overcapacity in fishing fleets remains problematic, income levels of fishers remain depressed and fish prices have stabilized or even fallen while the costs of harvesting fish have increased. Labour and fleet productivity has declined even as fishing technology has advanced.
Global marine capture fisheries production is relatively stagnant, producing 85 million tonnes inabout the same quantity as in Analysis of trends in the value and costs of production show that marine capture fisheries are loss-making at the global level.dunk low premium sb shrimp Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address.
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Shrimp trawling can result in very high incidental catch rates of non-target species. A shrimp farm is an aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimp or prawns for human consumption. Commercial shrimp farming began in the s, and production grew steeply.
Maine’s lucrative elver fishery is facing some big changes, including smaller catch quotas and a new swipe-card monitoring system that state officials hope will help manage the resource while reducing the poaching of baby eels that fetched up to $2, a pound last season. SECTION Lawful and unlawful taking of shrimp; penalties.
(A) It is unlawful to catch or take shrimp by any means for commercial purposes outside the General Trawling Zone or outside the legal channel net zones as established by the department, other than for sale as live bait, or in or near any waters or bottoms which have been baited by placing, depositing, or scattering any.