At the age of eleven, it was doubtful that John Proctor and Abigail had a relationship in real life. However, at the age of seventeen in the play, John and Abigail could have had an affair which caused her to be sent away from the Proctors. Elizabeth also was accused of witchery because of the jealousy and anger of Abigail. Several things led to Abigail running away from Salem.
Plot[ edit ] Early one morning in SalemMassachusetts insome young village girls meet in the woods with a Barbadian slave named Tituba. One of the girls, Abigail Williamskills a chicken and drinks the blood, wishing for John Proctor's wife to die.
They are discovered by Abigail's uncle, Reverend Samuel Parris. As the girls run away, Parris' daughter Betty falls over unconscious. Parris questions Abigail about the events that took place in the woods; Betty will not awaken, nor will Ruth, the daughter of Thomas and Ann Putnam, who was also dancing.
Putnam hard as she had seven other children before Ruth who died at childbirth. The Parris household is also visited by Giles Corey, who suspects that the children are just acting out, and John Proctor, with whom Abigail had an affair and whose wife she wants dead.
Abigail still loves Proctor, but Proctor has realized his mistake and left her. To save herself and the other girls from punishment, Abigail claims that Tituba was working with the devil. After being whipped, Tituba confesses to being a witchand is saved from being hanged.
Struck by their new power, the other girls begin naming other women whom they "saw" with the devil, including Elizabeth Proctor, John Proctor's wife. John, determined not to give his former lover her vengeance, insists that his servant, Mary Warren, one of the "afflicted" girls, testify in court that the witchcraft was faked.
Although Mary Warren is frightened of Abigail, she eventually agrees. In the court, Francis Nurse gives a list of names of people who vouch for the accused; in response, the judges order that all on the list be arrested and brought in for questioning.
Putnam was heard to tell his daughter that she had won him a "fine gift of land". Corey refuses to name the person who heard this remark, and the judges order Corey's arrest.
Meanwhile, Mary Warren insists she only thought she saw spirits but is later cowed by the other girls into recanting her recantation.
Elizabeth Proctor says she is pregnant and will be spared from death until the baby is born, but he insists on charging the girls with false witness. The other girls are called in and asked if they were lying about the witchcraft but cause a commotion, screaming that Mary Warren is putting a spell on them.
To demonstrate that Abigail is not innocent, John confesses to having had an affair with her. He claims that Abigail accused Elizabeth in order to get rid of her so that she could marry him.
Abigail denies the accusation to protect her reputation, so Elizabeth is called in to see if the accusation is true. However, not knowing that John confessed and wanting to save his reputation, she lies. As Reverend Hale tries to persuade the court that John is being honest, the girls turn the court further against the Proctors by screaming that Mary Warren is attacking them in the form of a yellow bird.
Although John correctly believes that they were pretending, as he had previously accused, the girls create another commotion, running outside from the bird into a nearby lake, making the court think that they are honest.
To save herself from being hanged as a witch, Mary Warren accuses John of witchcraft. When asked if he will return to God, John despairingly yells "I say God is dead! On the day before John Proctor is to be hanged, Abigail attempts to convince the court that Reverend Hale's wife is also a witch because Hale was the lone person in the town who doubted her claims.
However, this plot backfires as the judges do not believe her: In time, the girls become outcasts and Abigail steals Reverend Parris' money to catch a ship to flee to Barbados, but not before asking John to go with her, telling him she never wished any of this on him.
He refuses stating "It's not on a boat we'll meet again, but in Hell". On the eve of John's hanging, Parris, fearing that his execution will cause riots in Salem directed at him, allows John to meet with Elizabeth to see if she can make her husband "confess" to save his life.
John agrees and writes the confession.
The judges insist that the confession must be publicly displayed with his own signature to prove his guilt and to convince others to confess, but John angrily shouts "Leave me my name! He is taken away to be hanged.
Before they finish, they are pushed off the platform edges to their instant death. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
After speaking with Kazan about his testimony, Miller traveled to Salem, Massachusetts to research the witch trials of Miller and Kazan were close friends throughout the late s and early s the latter had directed the original production of Miller's Death of a Salesmanbut after Kazan's testimony to the HUAC, the pair's friendship ended, and they did not speak to each other for the next ten years.
Later Miller was further checked out: It was overturned on appeal. Kazan defended his own actions through his film On the Waterfrontin which a dockworker heroically testifies against a corrupt union boss.Arthur Miller's The Crucible deals with many issues relating to social pressure, the power of hearsay, personal integrity in the face of public hypocrisy, and the costs of hubris.
These ideas are. THE CRUCIBLE. ARTHUR MILLER was born in New York City in and studied at the University of Michigan. His plays include All My Sons (), Death of a Salesman (), The Crucible (), A View from the Bridge and A Memory of Two Mondays (), After the Fall (), Incident at Vichy (), The Price (), The Creation of the World and Other Business (), and The American Clock.
The Crucible is a play by Arthur Miller. The Crucible study guide contains a biography of Arthur Miller, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
The Role of Reverend Hale as a Catalyst in The Crucible - The Salem witch trials of was an event that shaped the history of this country, as well as the lives of those whose wives and husbands were condemned to death.
I watched the play through digital theatre's website. Gut wrenching in parts and intensely moving. Richard Armitage is such a talented actor and deserves better roles than he seems to get.
Moved Permanently. Redirecting to /m/crucible.