For clinics and abortion provider information interstate, click here. Abortion is the subject of criminal law in all Australian states and territories, except the Australian Capital Territory.
L03 — Unethical Working Conditions The topic of normative ethics seemed to fill my mind with so many possibilities of potential topics to discuss, of interest to many people.
Topics of interest are: However, for purposes of discussing and guiding the reader to learn about normative ethics, the topic of abortion seems to lend itself well to the dialogue and will hopefully be clear enough to inform the reader about the ethics surrounding the issue.
Summary You may be thinking that this blog discussion is going to try to convince you of one particular side of the abortion coin, or the other since it does seem that there are two very opposing sides. Presumably, like me, you find yourself falling on one side of the issue or the other; that is, either pro-abortion or pro-life.
We will look at the three normative approaches to ethics as they relate to the topic of abortion, by employing various examples of abortion-related topics, relevant in our modern world.
The three approaches are: Each will be examined from a pro-abortion and pro-life or pro-choice perspective, utilizing examples from different social groups.
My personal views will likely become obvious throughout the course of this writing since I do have strong opinions and beliefs about the topic.
However, I will try to convey the information in a balanced approach, avoiding eliciting raw emotion, so that the reader can learn about the theoretical ethical approaches of the process. Further, because the words used in conversation related to abortion tend to elicit certain emotions for constituents on either side of the abortion issue, I will try to use more neutral terms for the discussion and will avoid delving into the philosophies related to when life begins or what constitutes human life.
In addition, I will provide the text book definitions of some of the ethical theory terminology used throughout for clarity. So, in regard to abortions, teleologic theory would suggest that the ethical decision would focus on the outcome of the abortion and its effect on society, as a whole.
Further, utilitarianism, a sub-component of the teleological approach, would suggest that if the outcome has value for everyone, then it is good. Hence, a deontological perspective would be that the decision to abort and the actions related to that decision is in and of itself of ethical concern for the whole of society.
When discussing the decision framework of the virtue ethics approach, Bonde, et al. Therefore, virtue ethics would concern itself with the whether the act of aborting is in alignment with what type of person the individual seeking the abortion hopes to be or become.
In almost every one of these scenarios, the policies imposed were a reaction to an undesirable changing demographic aimed primarily at achieving a specific desired result, not intending to comply with any particular moral code or subscribe to any philosophical standards.
In fact, the byproducts rendered by the one-child policy instituted little more than four decades ago, have included: A Christian perspective Bonde, et al. When considering the Christian perspective as applied to the topic of abortion, one can argue that although Christian behaviors and decisions regarding abortion are typically driven by a moral code, that is, subject to a deontological approach, there are also those whose actions can be ascribed to the teleological approach, focusing on the results.
This group believes that the taking of any human life is morally reprehensible, regardless of whether the outcome i. God loves each human life from the instant of his or her conception and entrusts this gift to the protection of a mother and father.
Abortion ends the life of a child and offends God. It also deeply wounds the men and women involved. When evaluating the entirety of this statement, one must concede that it represents both teleological and deontological perspectives since, although it is the moral code of values that drives the decision, it is the act itself which is desired to be prevented that is, the abortion.
It recognizes that if the decision to abort is followed to its conclusion, the consequences of that act and decision are harm to the men and women who are affected by it, which would typically be a teleological point of view.
In like manner within the Catholic community, however, unwanted teen pregnancy does not justify abortion, regardless of the financial or social consequences to which it may lead.
This represents a deontological perspective because it is the value placed on the life of the unborn which drives the behavior not to abort ; not the consequences that the teen mother may have to endure.
In the same way, it can be argued that the pro-choice Christian segment, which follows the logic that the life of the mother should determine how the pregnancy is perceived, is not as clear-cut.
The majority of admissions were for the treatment of spontaneous abortion, although induced abortion is notoriously under-reported 4, 12, 26, 30, and many women who reported spontaneous abortions had history that indicated induced abortion That is, the pro-life individual and the doctor use the same word, “abortion,” to mean different things for different purposes, but everyone has in mind the same empirical facts (about whether or not a fertilized egg has been killed) and perhaps even the same normative assessment of those facts. methods of abortion commonly used in America; the abortion pill and an in-clinic abortion. The abortion pill is actually two different medications, mifepristone and misoprostol. This method can be used up to 70 days after the first day of a woman’s last menstrual cycle.
In this situation, one could agree that this might be a teleological perspective because it is the end the outcome of health and well being for the mother which drives the means the decision-making process used to determine how to proceed — the code.
In yet another, less prescriptive point of view, the virtue ethics theory might apply to the abortion decision and its effect on the mother and whether, through the process, her character traits developed and progressed in a positive manner.
There is a lot greater detail which could be discussed under each of the normative ethics frameworks, but in the interest of brevity, I will refrain.
A framework for making ethical decisions. See how the one-child policy changed China. Retrieved January 25,from https:The Abortion Debate Essays - Abortion is the act of deliberately causing death to an unborn baby (Abortion 1). When dealing with genetics and other life sciences it can be proven that a new and completely unique human being comes into existence within the .
The Reality of Abortion: Reflections of My Journey: We must seek to understand the pain felt by women who regret their abortion. We must understand that helping women before they choose abortion is less expensive and easier than dealing with the aftermath.
explaining the different types of adoption options a pregnant mother really has. Understanding abortion stigma will inform strategies to 1 The growing field of abortion research relies, necessarily, on other fields in which examination and measurement of stigma is more developed.
The history background of abortion goes back to the 's when laws forbid the act after 16 weeks of conception.
By the early 's the act was completely outlawed but . Available safe abortion services are underutilized due to numerous individual and community-level factors, such as lack of awareness of the legality of abortion, limited understanding on the implications of unsafe abortion and lack of information on availability of safe providers and methods.
Abortion is legal in England, Scotland and Wales providing it meets the terms of the Abortion Act.
The law allows doctors to end a pregnancy if they believe that: continuing the pregnancy would be harmful to the physical or mental health of the woman or her existing children.